Manual Severe Autism, Denied Support: Struggling to Survive in the Mainstream

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Existing research suggests that teacher knowledge about autism is limited, with many believing that they lack the training to provide appropriate support to autistic pupils, particularly within mainstream classrooms e. This situation is set to improve, at least in England, with autism becoming a mandatory training subject for trainee teachers in Yet, in the absence of training, there are key ways in which schools should seek to promote inclusion of autistic students.

All of our informants highlighted that the quality of relationships between staff and students, and staff and parents, were essential to reducing their anxiety, improving their confidence and, ultimately, getting them back into school. Many existing studies on exclusion e. It should not be beyond educational authorities, teachers and school staff to adopt this relational approach see Cottam, , providing supportive, respectful and nurturing learning environments.

This is especially relevant within the context of current policy frameworks, which emphasise the importance of involving young people with SEND, including those on the autism spectrum, in the educational decisions that ultimately affect them DfE, The flexible, supportive environment offered by the Hub may not have come without its costs, however.

Nevertheless, the limited focus on academic progress is in striking contrast to the results of studies focused on reintegrating children with other SEND largely with social, behavioural and emotional difficulties in alternative provisions. While parents reported elevated levels of demand avoidant behaviour on the EDA-Q, presumably observed at home, teachers did not. This study has several limitations. First, the autistic children and young people sampled here had often been excluded multiple times and had unusually high levels of need including additional co-occurring difficulties , which could potentially limit the generalisability of the results.

Finally, although comparisons with existing studies of exclusion in children with other SEND suggest that the factors critical to re-integration into school are similar to the ones identified here e. It therefore remains unknown whether the nature of exclusion for young people on the autism spectrum is unique in some way s.

Rate of autism among Irish school students much higher than previously estimated

Indeed, section 33 of the Children and Families Act places a duty on the local authority to ensure that a child or young person with an EHC plan is educated in a mainstream setting. Here, we showed that one particular alternative provision, the Hub, managed to turn this around, at least in the young people sampled here. Efforts must be directed towards understanding the most effective preventative approaches of keeping these young people included in mainstream schools and, ultimately, ensuring that they lead flourishing lives.

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Teaching Children with Autism

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Anna Remington. See all articles by this author Search Google Scholar for this author. Lorcan Kenny. Katy Warren Katy Warren. Elizabeth Pellicano. Article information. Article Information Volume: 2.

Article first published online: November 9, ; Issue published: January 1, Email: l. Background and aims.


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  • Keywords Autism , school , education , exclusion , pathological demand avoidance. Excluded from school. View larger version. Current autistic features. Trait anxiety. Extreme demand avoidance. Previous educational experiences. General procedure. Results from questionnaires: Past educational placements. Gradual decline in school engagement.

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    The first steps towards re-integration. Trust was essential for getting young people back into school. Learning opportunities afforded by their new school. Declaration of Conflicting Interests. View Abstract. Article available in: All Articles. Abigail Croydon and more Autistic girls and school exclusion: Perspectives of students and their parents. Kelda Sproston and more The primary-to-secondary school transition for children on the autism spectrum: A multi-informa Chantelle Makin and more Cookies Notification This site uses cookies.

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    Rate of autism among Irish school students much higher than previously estimated

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